Hanna Somatic Education – Socratic, Promethean, Herculean

I realize, now, that the title of this piece might seem like hype. I thought Thomas Hanna’s introduction to his methods sounded like hype. What pathos! when the truth sounds unbelievable! when what sounds too good to be true IS true!

To understand the metaphors, “Socratic, Promethean, and Herculean” in relation to Hanna Somatics, we must understand some things about Socrates, Prometheus, and Hercules.

Socrates was a teacher and prominent personage of ancient Greece. As a teacher, he guided his students along lines of consideration, asking them leading questions so that his students might arrive at insight, themselves. His viewpoint of knowledge, topsy turvy to that of most contemporary ways of operating, is that we inherently know everything, but have forgotten nearly everything, and the teacher only reminds us of what we have already known but forgotten.

Compare the Socratic view with this conventional view of knowledge: We fundamentally know nothing and have to learn everything, and the teacher is the one who tells us what’s what. One who really knows what’s what ends up in Who’s Who, and if you’re not in Who’s Who, you’re nobody.

Kind of opposites, aren’t they?

So the Socratic method is “from inside, out, prompted by what’s coming in from outside.” The methods of Hanna Somatic Education produce, to quote Thomas Hanna, “an internalized learning process” by guiding clients through certain self-explorations of sensation and movement.

This is not the same as letting clients dictate the course of a session or do a poor approximation of our instructions or add irrelevant efforts to a movement; it’s not the same as our taking whatever they give us as a response to our instructions. Remember, they are amnesic and don’t usually understand their condition correctly.

Socrates led his students to conclusions interactively, according to their responses; we lead our clients to outcomes interactively, according to their responses. The instruction comes from outside; the learning comes from within.

Now, Promethean. Prometheus was the son of the Titan, lapetos, and the nymph, Klymene. The name, “Prometheus,” means “foresight.” According to myth, it was Prometheus who taught humankind the skills of civilization and gave us fire. (Crane, Gregory R. (ed.) The Perseus Project, www.perseus.tufts.edu, July, 2002).

The gifts of Prometheus were the technologies of civilization and a corresponding awakening of attention of a special kind in order to receive and use these gifts.

Somatics is exactly an awakening of attention of a special kind. It is an awakening of attention on many levels of the human being, bringing self-mastery. The process teaches the relationship between mind “and” body (the “two” being internal and external manifestations of the same thing, and therefore not-two). It awakens us to new sensations. It cultivates the ability to focus attention, to act deliberately, to recognize the relationship between effort and its outcome, to be self-correcting, to follow through to completion. It teaches how to direct attention and intention toward the same thing. It gives us access to more of our abilities.

For almost everyone, these learnings generate a significant awakening. You can see how they are all elements of a sound civilization necessary to responsibly use the gifts of Prometheus. My hope for working and playing with people in the somatic realm, is that their “pilot light” gets lit (they receive the gift of fire), and they are able to continue somatic awakening largely on their own.

And now, Herculean. Hercules, known primarily for his strength, has been described as the perfect embodiment of pathos, the experience of virtuous struggle against great difficulties that leads to fame and, in Hercules’ case, immortality. (Crane, Gregory R(ed.) The Perseus Project, www.perseus.tufts.edu, July, 2002).

Ever try to get someone to do something in a new way? Ever have anyone ask for your advice and then argue with you about it? To do somatic processes with people, even to get them to try it, even when they are interested in doing them, often “gets interesting.” It seems, at ti.nes, that a Herculean effort is needed to guide people through the process of change, even when they want to change.

Magnify that challenge to an entire culture accustomed to placing responsibility for health and wellbeing outside oneself, and you see the scope of our work. To get a culture to change its way of operating from that of dependence upon a DoctorPatient/Parent-Child system (that saves people from the consequences of their own actions) to that of responsibility for ones own well-being (reducing the need to be saved from consequences) is a Herculean Feat tantamount to cleaning King Augeas’ stables by redirecting a river. The feats of Hercules, of which cleaning King Augeas’ stables was one of twelve, required strength and the use of available resources in new ways. They required more than Hercules’ solitary strength, but also his acceptance of help and ideas from others, his persistence, and his ingenious development of new ways to overcome seemingly impossible challenges.

Top 20 Love Quotations

  1. “In real love you want the other person’s good. In romantic love, you want the other person.”
    — Margaret Anderson
  2. “Love is a force more formidable than any other. It is invisible — it cannot be seen or measured, yet it is powerful enough to transform you in a moment, and offer you more joy than any material possession could.”
    — Barbara De Angelis
  3. “We always believe our first love is our last, and our last love our first.”
    — Anonymous
  4. “We come to love not by finding a perfect person, but by learning to see an imperfect person perfectly.”
    — Anonymous
  5. “If it is your time, love will track you down like a cruise missile.”
    — Lynda Barry
  6. “Love is patient and kind; love is not jealous or boastful; it is not arrogant or rude. [I Corinthians]”
    — Bible
  7. “You can give without loving, but you cannot love without giving.”
    — Amy Carmichael
  8. “The way to love anything is to realize that it might be lost.”
    — G. K. Chesterton
  9. “I love you, not for what you are, but for what I am when I am with you.”
    — Roy Croft
  10. “Love, while you are able to love.”
    — A. Frieligrath
  11. “Love and a cough cannot be hid.”
    — George Hebert
  12. ” True love is like ghosts, which everybody talks about and few have seen. ”
    — Francois De La Rochefoucauld
  13. ” Treasure the love you receive above all. It will survive long after your gold and good health have vanished. ”
    — Og Mandino
  14. ” Love is much like a wild rose, beautiful and calm, but willing to draw blood in its defense. ”
    — Mark Overby
  15. “We cannot really love anybody with whom we never laugh.”
    — Agnes Repplier
  16. ” There is only one happiness in life — to love and to be loved. ”
    — George Sand
  17. “Live for love. Without love, you don’t live. ”
    — Unknown
  18. “Love is like playing the piano. First you must learn to play by the rules, then you must forget the rules and play from your heart.”
    — Unknown
  19. “Some love lasts a lifetime. True love lasts forever.”
    — Unknown
  20. ” Love is not only something you feel. It’s something you do. ”
    — David Wilkerson

Forex Aggregation

Banks have historically been the principle source of liquidity and major market makers in Forex market. Banks dealing in Forex and other providers of liquidity to the market are referred to as sell-side players. A customer (including a multinational bank or a treasurer) interested in engaging in Forex transaction was required to call his/her bank and place a ‘Request for Quote’ (RFQ). Depending upon the credit rating of the customer, the bank would provide him/her a quote based on the current pricing of desired currency and a mark-up. For obtaining the best and the fairest price available, the customer would therefore be required to call several banks to place RFQs. This is however an inefficient and cumbersome process, given the number of phone calls, assembly of the quote information from several banks, and then placing of additional phone calls to finalize orders. Besides, the customer would also be required to have a credit established with all these banks prior to placing RFQs.

Alternatively, for achieving the best and fair deal, the customer can simply visit web sites of several banks and get quotes and place orders online. Almost all the sell-side dealers now offer an online portal for Forex dealings. Several banks now maintain Forex trading via the FIX Protocol Specification, in support of both executable streaming prices and the Request for Quote trading model. Currently, there are also several multi-bank foreign exchange portals available on the internet wherein a large number of multi-national banks, such as JPMorgan Chase, Deutsche Bank and Citibank, provide their quotes to a portal. By subscribing onto such portals, customers can receive and view, at one location, a set of quotes from some of the largest providers of liquidity in the foreign exchange market.

Availability of several Forex avenues can be beneficial for buy-side traders as they can spread their orders over as many different venues while maintaining anonymity. However, this also increases complications as information regarding actual orders for foreign exchange simultaneously exists on several Forex trading platforms including direct bank quotes, electronic exchange and multi-bank portals. When liquidity is fragmented, multiple trading venues or destinations are required to complete a given order size at a given price which leads to direct and indirect costs for buy-side traders. The direct costs include ticket charges for splitting orders across portals. Adding new portals also increases the chances of information leakage. The time spent searching for liquidity across venues and associated overheads involved in connecting to each venue adds to the indirect costs. Moreover, a customer who subscribes to several portals and is a member of several exchanges may need several screens in front of him to be able to view and take advantage of all of the information available simultaneously. Dispersed liquidity therefore leads to increase in trades, decrease in order sizes, thus making it extremely difficult to gain complete market visibility which further results in higher costs and inefficient executions. Fragmentation of liquidity is the single most important reason why seeking liquidity and aggregating the market for optimizing execution is the key for players in Over-the-Counter Forex market.

Forex Aggregators effectively address the issue of fragmented liquidity by linking traders and brokers, as well as liquidity providers to one another to facilitate and provide for distribution of foreign exchange information and execution of foreign exchange transactions. Developed on Complex Event Processing (CEP) technology, Aggregators facilitate price discovery and provide buy-side institutions and traders with the best price offer and increased liquidity by aggregating liquidity providers. In simple words, Aggregation services enables buy-side firms to easily access a range of different liquidity streams including bank APIs, ECNs and other multi-bank platforms through a single screen.

Liquidity aggregation tools can be classified into two broad categories. The first category is typically an Execution Management System, which create an organized and integrated environment where various market participants can come together to provide full visibility and transparency. Such tools have open and clear rules for price discovery and trade execution. Integral’s FX Grid and FX Inside Professional trading platforms fall into this category.

The second type of liquidity aggregation is often referred to as ‘Aggregators’. Evolved from CEP technology, they provide aggregation engines or algorithmic engines to buy-side traders for developing and executing ‘black box’ trading methods that are inherently non-transparent. Players that employ these engines can program them to decide when and how to trade as well as using aggregation for price discovery and best execution. In contrast to Execution Management Systems, Aggregators have no rules guiding their execution models. They can filter and display the market data according to the pre-defined criteria of the end user. Players can therefore use them for arbitraging one source of price with another.

Jan Groover – The Formalist Who Celebrates Life

Jan Groover was born in Plainfield, New Jersey in 1943. Ms. Groover pursued an education in art receiving her B.F.A. in painting in 1965, from Pratt Institute in New York then receiving her Master’s in Art Education from Ohio State University in 1969. After teaching art in junior high school then University of Hartford in the early 1970’s, she turned to photography. While she experimented with a range of styles and vision she is perhaps best known for her still life images of ordinary objects, kitchen utensils, plants but taking her images with vibrant color and larger than life close ups. She received grants from New York State Council on the Arts and the National Endowment for the Arts.

Ms. Groover enjoyed a wide range of artistic expression. The larger than life imagery from her photography found expression in platinum-palladium printing, exaggerated images with brilliant color and luminance. She enjoyed writing and published “Pure Invention: The Tabletop Still Life” in 1990. She also taught at the State University of New York College before moving to France where she lives now.

We don’t know exactly what led Ms. Groover from a career of formal art to that of photography. She is quoted stating: “With photography I didn’t have to make things up, everything was already there.”

I was originally attracted to Ms. Groover’s photographs for their vibrant color and larger than life imagery. In her life, there is a sharp departure from photographs depicting motion, time, speed, and color to what perhaps she is best known for, simple everyday objects found in the home. One review states ‘she turned to her kitchen sink’ for new ideas. Many of her photographs depict kitchen utensils, knives, forks, and other subjects found in the home such as bowls, dishes, or house plants.

Her pictures were taken with a 4×5 view camera. Her photographs stressed and illustrated her influence and obedience to formalism. A favorite photograph of mine, “Untitled, 1979. JG #95.2′”, has a blend of shapes, curves, and lines that is almost hypnotic and yet when I first looked at it, it was easy for my imagination to see many other things. I see shell, and ancient ruins, and wares of a Roman triumph. Perhaps this is an expression of Ms. Groover’s alignment with formalism. Any shape can captivate.

Does any shape have gratifying qualities? Does any shape have special detail when we take the time to observe? The image above accentuates silver and yet we see tarnish drift to iridescence and mirrored reflection.

“According to Groover, the meaning of the objects is of no importance; only the shape, texture, and form that falls into a particular space is important.”

What a wonderful tribute to a photographer and a tribute to her art. Her ability to share and see illuminating quality in the most simple of things says much about her vision. When I reviewed Ms. Groover’s work, it is easy to mistake some of her photography with her prints. Her photographs possess some of the ‘larger than life’ color and detail… of a print that was privileged with additional editing. According to one writer, “Groover makes pictures that are interesting not so much for the things they show us as for how they show us these things”.

Ms Grover’s artwork can be found readily on many web sites but the images referenced in this article can be see at:


Why Get A Life Insurance Quote Today

Life insurance is something that many of us tend to postpone. After all it is for an eventuality that is not likely to happen today or the next day. This procrastination is what gets many people and their families into trouble. Get a life insurance quote without delay.

The importance of life insurance:

In the event of your untimely demise, your family still has to pay the bills, educate the kids and pay back all the liabilities ranging from short term credit card loans to mortgages. Getting Insurance quotes is the first step in ensuring your family’s financial security.

Even when people get life insurance, many of them don’t buy adequate cover or the right type of insurance products for their needs. Getting the right policy requires some study of the available products in the market and then picking the right policies to meet your financial security goals. Getting a life insurance quote is the best way to start the analysis.

This gives you an idea about the types of products available to you and what they mean in terms of premium payments and benefits.

An overview of the options available:

There are two major categories of policies, the term insurance and whole life insurance. While term insurance has just an insurance component in most cases, whole life insurance has both insurance and savings components.

There are different types of term insurance policies. Each gives you an insurance cover for a certain number of years. Depending upon the policy, some of them give you the option to exit or renew the policy at fixed intervals.

These intervals could range from one to a number of years. Depending upon the type of risk cover they offer, the premium of these policies could increase or decrease as the years go by. Once the policy expires, all the benefits under these policies cease.

Whole life coverage on the other hand covers you for the rest of your life. These policies tend to be expensive when compared to term insurance due to two reasons. One, they involve higher risks and the risk increases with your age.

The second factor is the savings component, or cash value that they include. This cash value accrues throughout the policy period and is paid upon your death to your family.

The type of policy or policies that you should opt for depends upon your circumstances and goals. If you are confident that you will be able to pay all your debts and accumulate enough savings to support your family even after retirement, then term insurance may be enough.

If on the other hand you have dependents needing financial support throughout their lives, like children with special needs or suffering from disabilities, whole life plans could be the best for you. Most people usually have a mix of different types of insurance policies which gives them the optimal cover with minimal premium outflows.

Determining your life insurance requirements:

How much insurance cover is good enough? Again, the answer to this question depends upon your current expenditure, liabilities and anticipated future expenses and liabilities. Your life style and the kind of life that you would like to guarantee to your family also plays an important role. Here are the important factors to consider:

1. Your current monthly income and expenses and anticipated increases in the future. Your coverage should be able to generate funds that can be invested in safe assets to generate similar income levels.

2. The period that your family will need financial support. This could depend upon other earning members in the family and the likely earning members of the future.

3. Take into account your current liabilities like mortgages. Your family should be in a position to pay up the loans in case of your death.

4. Your anticipated future liabilities like the education expenses of your children.

Getting the optimal insurance cover:

The type of insurance and the options that are available to you depend on many factors. These include your age and the amount of premiums that you can afford to pay. Several other factors could also limit your choices to some extent.

The best way to arrive at the optimal mix of life insurance policies is to get a life insurance quote. Online life insurance quotes are the best because they allow you to input certain parameters and pull out the available policies for you from many different providers.

This helps you weigh your options and narrow your choices.

Whatever the method you use, don’t procrastinate. Start now by requesting a life insurance quote. Keep in mind two important things before you decide to buy any policy.

One is the reliability of the insurance company. Check out their ratings and customer service history. The second important thing is to read the terms and conditions very carefully. Life insurance is after all a long term commitment with critical implications. You certainly don’t want to go with the wrong company or pick up the wrong policy.